Speeding

Speed management RoadSafe believes that eliminating excessive speed will

save lives.

 

The challenge is for driving at inappropriate speed to be seen as anti

social.

 

Road Safe works with others... To support and promote programmes of

 

coordinated action in a whole range of areas including engineering, technology,

 

training, communication, regulation and its enforcement. To develop integrated

 

initiatives to encourage stakeholders to introduce sensible speed policies and

 

modern technologies to give better driver information. To identify and promote

 

local successful speed reduction initiatives and policies, then campaign to have

 

them adopted nationally. Download Road Safe's policy on speeding Research

 

from the Transport Research Laboratory TRL has provided evidence of three

 

different types on the effect of speed on crashes and collisions. Studies of

 

individual drivers show that when exceeding the average speed by 25% a driver

 

is about 6 times as likely to be involved in an incident in comparison with a

 

driver adopting the average speed. This is similar to the risk associated with

 

alcohol at the legal limit of 80mg/100ml blood alcohol content. Studies of road

 

sections show that for roads of each type, the number of crashes and collisions

 

Increases with increasing average speed  the effect varies on different road

 

types and is strongest for the slowest roads. A ball-park figure is that each

 

1mph reduction in average speed is accompanied by a 5% reduction in

 

accidents. Traffic calming measures (e.g. road humps and chicanes) in 20mph

 

zones have reduced average speeds by about 10mph and resulted in a 50%

 

reduction in collisions. Measures adopted in rural villages have reduced

 

average speeds by about 5mph and resulted in at least 20% fewer collisions.

 

Research at Napier University shows that individuals are aware that speeds

 

they normally adopt when alone are actually unsafe. For example, participants

 

described situations in which they would slow down such as the presence of a

 

speed camera or child in the car. This suggests that individuals know that if they

 

see a camera they would need to slow down because they would be exceeding

 

the limit. Changing attitudes to speed need to relate to influences on speed:

 

Obligations - such as keeping appointments, picking up kids, and generally

 

meeting the tight time schedules of modern life. Opportunities - that allows

 

speeding to take place, such as a fast car and a clear road. Inclinations -

 

performing behaviours in accordance with personal preference such as I like to

 

speed as it feels good. Road safety professionals recognise that speed

 

management is a very important tool for improving road safety. However,

 

improving compliance with speed limits and reducing unsafe driving speeds are

 

not easy tasks. Many drivers do not recognize the risks involved and often the

 

perceived benefits of speeding outweigh the perceived problems that can result.

 

An excellent international manual consisting of a series of 'how to' modules is

 

now available. It provides evidence of why speed management is important and

 

takes the user through the steps needed to assess the situation in their own

 

country. It then explains the steps needed to design, plan and implement a

 

programme, including how to obtain funding, set up a working group, develop

 

an action plan and, if necessary, introduce appropriate legislation. It considers

 

the potential role of measures involving engineering and enforcement, as well

 

as using education to change speed related behaviour. Finally, the manual

 

guides the user on how to monitor and evaluate the programme so that the

 

results can be fed back into programme design. For each of these activities, the

 

document outlines in a practical way the various steps that need to be taken.

 

Other websites Visit the Department for Transport website for more information.

 

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