Be safe

Pedestrian Safety

Parents play a pivotal role in
teaching their children to be safe at all
times. It is essential that children
and young people are educated to use
the road safely. As they grow and develop
they need to learn to be safe in
different environments - as passengers,
pedestrians, cyclists and,
eventually drivers.

Here are some instances and
practical ways in which you can help to
educate your child, through day-to-day             
experiences, whilst out and



Your child should be taught to
hold your hand when near
a road. Teach your child to walk and not run. When walking on the pavement make
sure that you are positioned between your child
and the kerb. If no footpath is
available you should walk on the right side
of the road facing the traffic and
be positioned between the road and your



The Green Cross code.
provides a guide to help
people cross roads safely. From the age of eight
years, children can be
taught the Green Cross Code whilst children below this
age should be taught
the more basic message of Stop, Look and, Listen.                                           To help
your child be a safe
pedestrian, teach them to use their eyes, ears,
judgement and common sense.
Teach them the safe road crossing procedure -
STOP, LOOK, and LISTEN:                                                                              You and your child

STOP with toes behind the kerb, or edge of the road if there is no footpath;

LOOK in all directions for approaching traffic;

LISTEN in all directions for
approaching traffic;

when safe to do so, walk straight across the road. Keep LOOKING and

LISTENING for traffic while crossing.

Safer Places to Cross:-

Make sure your child knows the
safer places to
cross the road:-

whenever possible, your child should cross at a pedestrian crossing such
a pelican crossing or a zebra crossing;

Your child should have a clear view of approaching traffic, so the drivers

can also see your child.

Even at crossings your child
must remain alert and check whether
vehicles are stopping. Your child

Always make sure traffic has actually stopped before stepping onto the
Remember at a school crossing patrol your child must always cross in front

of the patrol person and only when the patrol person indicates that it is

At railway level crossings, wait for the bells and lights to stop and the

boom barriers to be raised before crossing. Many accidents occur because

pedestrians cross immediately after a train, not realising a second train is



Be Safe Be


Most pedestrians are hit by
vehicles because the driver
does not see them until it is too late. Make

your child wears bright or fluorescent clothing during the day and

light-coloured clothing and a reflector (for example, an armband) at night;

when crossing a road, your child never assumes that a driver has seen


your child is taught to avoid crossing roads near the crest of a hill, at a

bend, or between parked cars because it is harder for drivers to see him/her
these places.

Pedestrian Progression:-

Up to 5 years - young children
lack the skills,
knowledge and judgement to be able to cope with traffic and
so need to be
constantly supervised

5 years to around 10 years - parents can help children by providing
of practical supervised experience in using the road safely, as part
of their
daily journey. Research shows that children under age 12 years do
not have the
skills and experience to be safe in traffic.

Up to around 11 to 12 years - children should be supervised by an adult in

traffic. Teach them safe traffic behaviour and set a good example.

From 11 or 12 years - children may become more independent in their travel;

however in complex traffic situations they still require supervision. Check

regularly to ensure that children remember and follow safety procedures.
with them to plan safe walking routes.